FAQ Photon Light

photon home use skin care device

What is phototherapy or photo rejuvenation and how it works?


Everything live reacts to light. The most common example is how our skin responds to ultraviolet rays – we tan. Tanning is a natural skin reaction to the harmful ultraviolet light by creating a protective barrier made of dark pigmented cells – melanocytes.
The other types of light are known to be not only harmful but rather beneficial for our skin. It is like getting invisible tan, but for different purposes and with a different effect.

It was discovered that the red light triggers rejuvenating and self-healing reaction in our cells. Can you imagine if our Sun has been producing only red light spectrum? We may stay young forever.
But, getting serious, the irradiation of the skin with different colors of light without harmful UV-UA rays is good for the skin.

Which light works better?


There few colors most widely used in Phototherapy: Red, Blue, Green or interchangeable light of all 7 colors.
The most common is the use of a Red light for rejuvenation and re-generation purposes. Red light is the light with the length of 650-670 nanometers and its healing and growth stimulating properties were studied by NASA.
They discovered that the exposure plant’s leaves  to the Red light increases their grows rate. Currently they study the healing abilities of the Red light on human tissues.

When official medicine does not recognize the use of light for such purposes (expect FDA recognition of a Blue light for anti-acne properties), we are free to experiment with the light use in skin care.

Blue light of 420-490 nanometers is used to improve the conditions of acne prone skin. Blue lamps are different from Ultraviolet lamps which are also used to treat skin disorders. In the opposite to Ultraviolet light, that in large doses is very harmful for skin, Blue light is much more safe and has normalizing and antibacterial effect.

Recent studies conducted in Russia showed that application of Blue light on aged, mature skin not only normalizes irritated, sensitive skin, but also provides strong re-rejuvenating effect. For example, the wrinkle reduction reached 20-22% and the hydration increased from 42% to almost 56%. There were records of overall improvement of skin color due to reduce of pigmentation.

Green light of 490-530 nanometers has calming and sedative effect. Scientists believe that the green light supports cell’s functionality by affecting neuron-endocrine system, restoring bio-rhythms of our body and hormone production. This light has relaxing abilities and works as natural antidepressant.
Besides, the Green light reduces pigmentation helping to restore an even skin tone.

Polychrome Integral light of 400-750 nanometers (the most beneficial visible spectrum of solar light without the harmful UV-UA part) is the most safe for skin and eyes. It stabilizes cell membranes and restores their functionality.


When to use the light? Will it work for me?


The light can be used for the following purposes:

1) The prevention of aging process – starting from the age 25-30; 8-10 daily treatments every month. Irradiate problem zones for 6-8 minutes 2 times per day.
The light should be directed at 90 degree angle to the skin. The optimal distance from the light source to the skin is ½ – 1 inch.

2) Anti-age  – 5-10 daily treatments every month or be-weekly (depending on the skin condition). Irradiate problem zones for 8-10 minutes 2 times per day.
The light should be directed at 90 degree angle to the skin. The optimal distance from the light source to the skin is ½ – 1 inch.

The application of cosmetics right after the light treatment will provide more pronounced effect of skin care product and increase their penetration.


Exposure matters


The result will depend greatly on the exposure time. Think of this – you will not develop a good tan if you do not spend enough time on the beach. The light therapy works the same way.

Is it different from laser?


Phototherapy has nothing to do with laser therapy. Laser is a coherent beam of light. Coherent means that each single wave (ray) is of  the same length. It makes the laser beam extremely powerful. The concentrated energy is used to coagulate tissues, in plastic and regular surgery.
Phototherapy works different – it does not harm and burn the tissues, but rather causes specific chemical reactions in skin cells.


How the device is built?


Light is produced by Light Emitting Diodes. Today they are used in many modern appliances – from electronic clock, to light bulbs and TV screens.
For skin care purposes, the lights are embedded into the massaging probe in a way they will shine directly on the skin. The more LEDs are embedded into the probe – the more powerful is the device.


I have one of your home use devices. Is the light harmful to my eyes and should I wear any protective eye-wear?


No, there is no danger to the eyes as soon as you not direct the light straight into them, which should be avoided. The power of the light is not strong enough to cause any damage. It is like looking at the bright light bulb – you may feel strain on your eyes but it will go away quickly. Professional machines are much more powerful and the protective glasses is a must.
Can I use my facial device on the other parts of the body?
Yes, the massage can be applied anywhere to your body unless there is contraindications for that. Please, refer to the list of electro-therapy contraindications.
If not sure, consult your doctor.


If it safe to use daily?


It is safe to use daily. The visible range of light is not harmful to the skin. Please, make sure that you do not use the device more than 15 min per session. Portable devices can not withstand a prolonged use, as they do not have effective cooling system and overheat easily.


I have my photo-therapy device that includes ultrasound or micro-current. Can I use two functions   together?


You can use ultrasoundmicro-current and light together, as soon as you do not keep the probe at one place all the time. It is necessary to avoid a build up of energy and over-heating dense underlying tissues. However for the most effective light application it is advisable to apply the light in a way you have “an exposure”. It means you would need to hold on the light device on the same spot for 1-2 min. It works the same as tanning – the skin needs some time to react to light (lets call it “photo-therapy technique”). As you can see, this technique is in contradiction with ultrasoundmicro-current application, where the probe should be on a constant move.

You would have some “exposure” time during ultrasoundmicro-current massage as well, but not as much as if you would use “photo-therapy technique”. If you prefer to use the light in this way, you should turn the ultrasoundmicro-current function off.
Should I apply any cream or lotion on the skin during photo-therapy session?
There is no need to apply any cosmetics then using the light. However if you use light+ultrasoundmicro-current, you would need to apply a conductive cream or lotion.


What is the best way to use my 2 in 1 device?


The light treatment will be more effective if used alone after stimulative massage. You can benefit the most if you perform full facial massage using the light+ultrasoun+dmicro-current and follow it with irradiation of the problem zones with light only.



Bibliography and useful links:


Bolton P., Young S.R., Dyson M. Macrophage responsiveness to light therapy: A dose-response study // Laser Therapy – 1990. -№ 2(3) – P.101 – 106.

Monstrey S., Hoeksema H., Depuydt K., Van Maele G., Van Landuyt K., Blondeel P. (2002). The effect of polarised light on wound healing. Eur. J. Plast Surg. 24: 377-382.

Zhevago N.A., Samoilova K.A., Calderhead R.G., Polychromatic light similar to the terrestrial solar spectrum without its UV component stimulates DNA synthesis in human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vivo and in vitro // Photochemistry Photobiology, 2006, Vol. 82(5), P.1301-1308.

Use instructions for “Bioptron” apparatus for dermacosmetology practice. Moskov, 2009, Prepared by Faculty of Education for Medical Practitioners, The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.

This information is for educational purposes only, it is not intended to treat, cure, prevent or, diagnose any disease or condition. Nor is it intended to prescribe in any way.
Copyright © NEW SPA , 2013. All Rights Reserved. This material may be freely copied and distributed subject to inclusion of this copyright notice and the link to this article.

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